Gutchess Lumber ensures it provides the best-of-the-best hardwood species. Each of our hardwood species is native to the northeast United States so that we are able to control the process from harvest to order fulfillment, while keeping our operations sustainable by only harvesting within 150-miles of each of our 7 locations.
American 椴木 (Tilia americana) grows between 50 feet and 80 feet in height with a 30 foot to 50 foot spread. American 椴木 wood is pale white to light brown in color with a straight, fine grain pattern. 椴木 lumber is otherwise known as American 椴木, Lime and Linden.
The 黑樱桃 (Prunus serotina) can grow between 25 feet and 110 feet in height, 虽然更常见的高度范围在50英尺到60英尺之间. 由于其延展性，虽然各种生长条件, 以及鸟类广泛传播其果实的种子, 黑樱桃在北美一直很丰富. 黑樱桃木的特点是质地细腻, straight grain with the exception of figured pieces with curly grain patterns, 或当缺陷从髓, 矿藏, 口香糖袋和结出现了. 黑樱桃 hardwood endgrain features small to medium pores with random arragement. 黑樱桃木的年轮通常是明显的. 黑樱桃 lumber features a light pink-brown color to medium reddish brown color.
黑胡桃木 (Juglans nigra) grows between 75 feet and 130 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 2 feet to 3 feet. 黑胡桃木 trees are also known by the names of American 黑胡桃木 and American 胡桃木, 或者简称胡桃. The 黑胡桃木 hardwood bark is dark gray to brown in color with deep ridges that create a distinctive bark pattern.
硬枫木产自糖槭树(Acer saccharum)。. This maple hardwood species grows to a height of 50 feet to 80 feet and is abundant throughout the Northeastern and Southern United States and Northeastern Canada. 硬枫木 wood features a fine, even textured grain that is generally straight but may be wavy. The color of 硬枫木 wood ranges from white, to cream to reddish or golden hued.
硬枫木 hardness is ranked on the Janka Hardness Scale at 1,450 lbf.
胡桃木 lumber (Carya ovata) is native to the Eastern United States and commonly known as Shagbark 胡桃木. 胡桃木 trees grow to heights of 65 feet to 100 feet with trunks growing to 1 foot to 2 feet in diameter. Janka硬度等级为1,880磅力, 胡桃木 wood strength is comparable to that of 白橡木 wood or 硬枫木 wood, 具有很强的强度和抗震性. 胡桃木 wood lumber heartwood features light to medium brown with red undertones while the sapwood is pale, 黄棕色. 胡桃木 wood grain is generally straight with occasional waves and a medium texture.
山胡桃木板，外观质朴, created with heartwood and sapwood on the same board is often sold as Calico 胡桃木.
The 红橡木 tree can grow up to 24 inches per year and reach a mature height of 60 feet to 90 feet. 红橡木 lumber features a coarse, uneven, straight grain with large pores. 红橡木 wood color ranges from light to medium brown with red undertones.
白色的灰 (Frazinus americana) grows to heights of 80 feet with a crown that spreads over 50 feet wide, 虽然大树并不罕见. 白色的灰 wood has a medium to coarse texture that is almost always straight and regular, 虽然一些卷曲或图形板可能出现. 白灰木材的颜色是浅到中棕色.
杨木(Liriodendron tulipifera)是一个重要的树种, growing to heights of 130 feet to 160 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 6 feet to 8 feet. Contrastly to its imposing size, poplar lumber is a very low density. 杨树 is a hardwood, albeit a soft one with a Janka Hardness rating of 540 lbf. 杨树 wood color features a light cream to yellow brown heartwood and pale yellow to white sapwood along with a straight, 颗粒均匀.
杨树, also known as the Yellow 杨树 and the Tulip 杨树 is Native to the Eastern United States though there are several poplar types worldwide.
红色的枫叶 (Acer rubrum) grows between 30 feet to 100 feet in height in its native area of the Eastern United States and Canada. 红枫树因其秋天的红叶而得名, 但它也被称为猩红枫, 软枫, 德拉蒙德红枫, 卡罗莱纳红枫, 沼泽枫, 三叉戟枫和水枫.
白橡木 (Quercus alba) tree growth is native to the eastern United States, though the 白橡木 tree can withstand a wide variety of climate conditions throughout various regions. 取决于它的生长区域, 白橡树在不同的温度下生长得最好, 年降水量及相对湿度. 白橡木 trees can grow as large as 100 feet tall and reach a mature age within 20-years. The color of 白橡木 lumber can be described as being similar to wheat in color with cool undertones. 白栎木的特点是非常温和, 被认为粗糙的直纹图案, 即使刨平，质地也不均匀.
白橡木 wood is an extrodinarily durable wood type, with incredible water resistant properties. 白橡木 wood pores are plugged by tyloses, making it harder for water to cause decay and rot. These natural water proofing properties are the reason 白橡木 has historically been the wood of choice for ship building.
黄桦树 (Betula alleghaniensis) is native Northeastern North America and grows to heights of 65 feet to 100 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 feet to 3 feet. 黄桦树 lumber features light, red-brown heartwood with nearly white sapwood. 黄桦树 wood grain is generally straight with fine, even texture. 黄桦树 hardness is notable with a 1,260 lbf Janka Harness rating.